Agroforestry, as defined by the World Agroforestry Centre, is “a dynamic, ecologically based, natural resources management system that, through the integration of trees on farms and in the agricultural landscape, diversifies and sustains production for increased social, economic and environmental benefits for land users at all levels” (World Agroforestry Centre, n.d.). On the other hand, the Association for Temperate Agroforestry describes it as “an intensive land management system that optimizes the benefits from the biological interactions created when trees and/or shrubs are deliberately combined with crops and/or livestock” (Association for Temperate Agroforestry, n.d.).

Essentially, agroforestry refers to the practice of deliberate growing of trees in conjunction with crops or livestock for benefits and services (Nair, P.K.R., Kumar, B.M., & Nair, V.D., 2009).


(Schoeneberger, M.M., 2008)



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Agroforestry can be started in the near future, with as many as 630 million hectare of unproductive croplands and grasslands able to be converted into agroforestry land by 2010 (IPCC, 2000).